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TWISTED TUBE® Bundle Technology

  • Answering the need
  • Technology attributes
  • Designed to be different
  • More efficient heat transfer
  • Baffle-free tube support
  • Applications
  • Improving flow
  • Improving efficiency
  • Lower pressure drop
  • No vibration
  • Reduced fouling
  • Bundle cleaning efficiencies

You don’t have to live with traditional heat exchanger problems. It’s time to consider a more sensible alternative - the

TWISTED TUBE® heat exchanger.




TWISTED TUBE® Heat Exchanger Technology Attributes

  • Increased heat transfer
  • Smaller exchangers or fewer shells
  • Elimination of vibration
  • Reduced fouling

TWISTED TUBE® Bundle Technology For Retrofit Bundles or Exchangers

  • Increased capacity
  • Lower installed costs
  • Lower pressure drop
  • Extended run time between cleanings

We looked at typical problems with shell & tube heat exchangers then we solved them with a revolutionary tube shape and bundle construction. The result is better performance than ever before. Hundreds of TWISTED TUBE® exchangers have been operated under a wide variety of field conditions. Over the years, TWISTED TUBE® bundle technology has proven to be more efficient, reliable and trouble-free than any other exchanger. Ongoing research and product development ensures that Koch Heat Transfer Company customers get maximum performance from their TWISTED TUBE® heat exchangers.


TWISTED TUBE® heat exchangers provide a higher heat transfer coefficient than any other type of tubular heat exchanger. Here’s why:

  • Complex swirl flow on the shellside induces the maximum turbulence to improve heat transfer.
  • Powerful tubeside turbulence is achieved even at high viscosities and/or low velocities.
  • Uniform flow distribution gives more effective length and surface area than shell & tube exchangers.


Koch Heat Transfer Company’s innovative TWISTED TUBE® bundle design avoids the need for baffles. The unique helix shaped tubes are arranged in a triangular pattern. Each tube is firmly and frequently supported by adjacent tubes, as shown in illustration above, yet fluid swirls freely along its length. This support system eliminates tube vibration, which is a common problem in some heat exchanger services. The twist arrangement for baffle-free support with gaps aligned between the tubes also provides for easier cleaning on the shellside. The TWISTED TUBE® heat exchangers are round at each end, allowing for conventional tube-to-tubesheet joints to be used.




  • Crude Preheat
  • Feed / Effluent for:
    • Reformer (CCR and semi-regeneration)
    • Hydrotreater
    • Hydrocracker
    • Alkylation
  • Overhead condensers
  • Reboilers (kettle and J-shell)
  • Lean/rich amine
  • Compressor interstage coolers

Improved tubeside Flow

  • TWISTED TUBE® bundle technology provides the highest heat transfer coefficient possible in tubular heat exchangers.
  • Swirl flow in tubes creates turbulence to improve heat transfer.
  • Turbulent flow achieved even at low velocities and/or high viscosities.

Uniform shellside Flow

  • Heat transfer coefficient is consistently high.
  • Complex interrupted swirl flow on shellside maximizes turbulence while minimizing pressure drop.
  • Flow distribution and velocity are homogeneous.


Improving efficiency

Increased heat transfer coefficient

  • Swirl flow creates turbulence resulting in higher tubeside coefficient.
  • Uniform fluid distribution combined with interrupted swirl flow results in optimized shellside coefficient.

Lower pressure drop

  • The longitudinal swirl flow of TWISTED TUBE® bundle technology reduces the high pressure drop associated with segmental baffles.
  • TWISTED TUBE® heat exchangers are usually shorter in length and have fewer passes, for a lower pressure drop on the tubeside.

twisted_tube bundle_1_s

No vibration

  • Baffle-free design directs shellside fluid to true longitudinal flow.
  • Each tube using TWISTED TUBE® bundle technology is extensively supported at multiple contact points along its entire length.
  • Tube fretting and failure due to vibration is eliminated.


Reduced fouling

  • Baffle-free design eliminates dead spots where fouling can occur.
  • Velocity is constant and uniform.
  • Constant flow distribution controls tube wall temperature.





shell & tube exchanger





  • Cleaning lanes allow complete mechanical cleaning by hydroblasting.
  • Chemical cleaning-in-place (CIP) is more effective in TWISTED TUBE® heat exchangers than conventional S&T due to uniform flow distribution.


  • Tubeside effectively cleaned by hydroblasting.
  • Chemical cleaning-in-place (CIP) is more effective in TWISTED TUBE® heat exchangers than conventional S&T due to swirl flow.
  • No special tools required.